Childhood gender nonconformity is a phenomenon in which pre-pubescent children do not conform to expected gender-related sociological or psychological patterns, and/or identify with the opposite gender.[1] Typical behaviour among those who exhibit the phenomenon includes but is not limited to a propensity to cross-dress, refusal to take part in activities normally thought suitable for the gender and the exclusive choice of play-mates of the opposite sex.

Multiple studies have correlated childhood gender non-conformity with eventual homosexual and transgender outcomes.[2][3] In some studies, a majority of those who identify as gay or lesbian self-report gender non-conforming interests as children. However, the accuracy of these studies have been questioned from within the academic community.[4] The therapeutic community is currently divided on the proper response to childhood gender non-conformity. One study suggested that childhood gender non-conformity is heritable. [2]

The term "tomboy" refers to gender-variant girls, and the derogatory term "sissy" refers to gender-variant boys.

Typical gender-variant behaviourEdit